V torek, 15. maja 2018 ob 16h, je na ljubljanski lokaciji Evropske pravne fakultete potekala strokovna razprava o človekovih pravicah v krizi. Predaval je eden vodilnih evropskih strokovnjakov o Evropskem sodišču za človekove pravice in profesor na Univerzi Middlesex v Londonu, prof. dr. Philip Leach. Strokovno razpravo je organiziral in vodil izr. prof. dr. Letnar Černič.
Prijazno vabljeni na strokovno razpravo o človekovih pravicah v krizi, kjer bo predaval eden vodilnih evropskih strokovnjakov za Evropsko sodišče za človekove pravice in profesor na Univerzi Middlesex v Londonu, prof. Philip Leach. Profesor Leach je eden izmed vodilnih evropskih strokovnjakov o Evropskem sodišču za človekove pravice in profesor na Univerzi Middlesex v Londonu. Akademski forum bo potekal v torek, 15. maja 2018 ob 16:00, v predavalnici P1 Evropske pravne fakultete, Nova Univerza, Cankarjevo nabrežje 11, Ljubljana.
Editorial Board of the Journal Dignitas – Slovene Journal for Human Rights – is inviting authors to submit papers for a special issue dedicated to the theme Ecce homo. In the issue contributions on anthropology, metaphysics, history of appearance, meaning and use of the phrase as well as its representations and motives in European or especially Slavic art, literature and culture will be published. The Editorial Board also expects articles on the subject of human right to education, freedom of science and art, the importance of man for a modern state of law and society, or posts on related topics.
All interested contributors are highly encouraged to submit their manuscripts/papers in a form of essays, discussions or scientific papers to the e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org or directly to the special issue guest editor Assist Prof Dr Ines Vodopivec email@example.com.
The deadline for submission of papers is July 15, 2018.
All contributions will be peer-reviewed and published in the printed magazine Dignitas in September 2018. Later the articles will be available in full text on the web (with DOI® numbers assigned).
About the Journal Dignitas
Dignitas is an interdisciplinary Slovenian journal specialized in publication of peer-viewed scientific and professional articles in the field of humanities and social sciences in Slovenian or English language. Basic editorial orientations are directed broadly to human rights law, the judgments of the European Court of Human Rights, related sociological, philosophical and historical studies, legal comments, key documents, studies, opinions and conclusions of the European Commission for Democracy (Venice Commission, Council of Europe); or to other information on important events in the field of human rights protection in Slovenia and the international environment.
Uredništvo Dignitasa – slovenske revije za človekove pravice – vabi avtorje k oddaji prispevkov za posebno interdisciplinarno številko revije Dignitas na temo Ecce homo. Posebna številka je namenjena prispevkom o antropologiji, metafiziki, zgodovini pojavnosti, pomena in uporabe besedne zveze ter o zgodovini njene reprezentance in motivike v evropski oz. posebej slovenski in slovanski umetnosti, literaturi in kulturi. Uredništvo sprejema tudi prispevke na temo človekove pravice do svobode izobraževanja, svobode znanosti in umetnosti, pomena človeka za sodobno pravno državo in družbo oz. objave na sorodne tematike.
Vabimo vas, da prispevke v obliki eseja, razprave ali znanstvenega članka, pošljete na e-naslov uredništva: firstname.lastname@example.org ali neposredno na naslov urednice tematske številke doc. dr. Ines Vodopivec email@example.com.
Rok za oddajo prispevkov je 15. julij 2018.
Vsi prispevki bodo recenzirani in objavljeni v tiskani reviji Dignitas septembra 2018, kasneje pa dosegljivi v polnem besedilu na spletu.
O reviji Dignitas
Dignitas je interdisciplinarna slovenska revija, ki objavlja recenzirane znanstvene in strokovne prispevke v slovenskem in angleškem jeziku s področja humanistike in družboslovja. Njene temeljne usmeritve se vežejo širše na pravo človekovih pravic, na sodbe Evropskega sodišča za človekove pravice, povezane sociološke, filozofske in zgodovinske študije, pravne komentarje, ključne dokumente, študije, mnenja in sklepe Evropske komisije za demokracijo (Beneške komisije), oz. na druge informacije o pomembnejših dogodkih s področja varovanja človekovih pravic v Sloveniji in mednarodnem okolju.
Dodatna vprašanja v zvezi z revijo ali pozivom lahko naslovite na navedena e-poštna naslova.
This Special Issue of the Hague Journal on the Rule of Law derives from the debates at the workshop on How to Resolve the Crisis of Constitutional Democracy in Central and Eastern Europe? held at the Graduate School of Government and European Studies in Ljubljana, Slovenia, on 9 and 10 December 2016. The workshop was organised under the auspices of the project on the Reform of the Rule of Law and Democracy, generously funded by the Slovenian Research Agency [J5-7359 (A)]. The contributions to the workshop examined the state of the constitutional democracy and the rule of law in the Central and Eastern Europe.
In the constitutional democracy, all of the three elements of democracy: input and output legitimacy and the political process through which they are connected, have to take place within the framework of the rule of law. Simultaneously, there can be no rule of law if the laws by which the individuals are ruled do not come into being in a democratic manner. Democracy and the rule of law thus presuppose each other, but at the same time their relationship is not entirely symbiotic. There is a dormant democratic threat that the democratic majority will trump the rights of the outvoted minorities. This is what the rule of law is there for to prevent. This counter-majoritarian problem, as it came to be known, is, however, only a seeming one. If democracy is not understood as a simple rule by the majority, but rather as a system of the organization of political power whose central value is the protection of equal human dignity, then the constitutional self-limitation of the democratic majority is not democracy’s denial, but its vindication. Against this theoretical background, this Special Issue proceeds from the fact that the constitutional democracy has been in an incremental, but definite decline across the European Union, but in particular and most acutely, in the Central and Eastern European States. On this basis, the Conference centred on the following question: How to redeem the status of constitutional democracy properly in the praxis of Central and Eastern European countries?
This Special issue includes six contributions. The first two engage in a more general, analytic and theoretical discussion of the contemporary challenges to constitutional democracy in this part of the world. Gianluigi Palombella’s opening contribution entitled “Illiberal, Democratic and Non-Arbitrary?” dissects the theoretical issues related to the epicentre and circumstances of a Rule of Law Crisis and explores some complexities of rule of law and democracy in Europe. On the other hand, Bojan Bugarič and Alenka Kuhelj examine the phenomenon of constitutional populism and queries how the latter impacts on the rule of law. The following four articles form an applicative part of the Special issue, by presenting four case-studies in the state of constitutional democracy in respective CEE jurisdictions. Matej Avbelj suggests a sociological turn in the scholarship on constitutional democracy and on the Slovenian example suggests a better understanding of what the real causes of constitutional democracy in this part of Europe are. Tatjana Papić and Vladimir Djerić, on the other hand, provide a timely and illuminating insider’s perspective on the role and impact of Serbian Constitutional Court on the quality of constitutional democracy in this former Yugoslav republic. David Kosař and Katarína Šipulová return the debate in the Visegrad context and in their critical contribution address how the European Court of Human Rights really approached the Baka case and what have been its broader consequences for the state of constitutional democracy in Hungary. Finally, Jernej Letnar Černič, dissects the role and impact of the ECtHR on the rule of law and constitutional democracy in Central and Eastern Europe even more in general and emphasizes the missed opportunities.
All six contributions provide insights into the selected aspects of the functioning of constitutional democracy and the rule of law in Central and Eastern Europe and the actual and potential impact of European Institutions. As a result, they all share common concern over old and new crises in the region. The Special issue does not exhaust all of the many facets of constitutional democracy and the rule of law in Central and Eastern Europe. Its aim has been to put forward a pluralistic contribution to already existing debates by taking stock of recent events and proposals and thereafter drafting alternatives to move beyond crises of constitutional democracy and the rule of law in the region.
The Editors would like to thank the contributors to this special issue as well as to profesor Ronald Janse, the editor-in-chief of the journal for his support and patience. Further, we would like to thank the Graduate School of Government and European Studies for providing the institutional support in organising the conference. The generous financial support of the Slovenian Research Agency is acknowledged too. This special issue has benefited from a discussion the editors and contributors have had at the conference and in the past years with Andrew Drzemczewski, Martin Krygier, Matthias Goldmann, Hent Kalmo, Marko Novak, Sara de Vido, Alen Uzelac and Jan Zobec. We hope that this special issue will stimulate further debates on the state of the rule of law and constitutional democracy, which remain at peril across the region.
Ljubljana, March 2018
Jernej Letnar Černič
The Hague Journal on the Rule of Law has published Special Issue on the Crisis of Constitutional Democracy and the Rule of Law in Central and Eastern Europe. The contents is available below.
Izšla je nova številka revije Dignitas – slovenske revije za človekove pravice (št. 75-76, 2017), ki vsebuje spodnje prispevke.
Oñati workshop on the Rule of Law, Populism and Militant Democracy in Europe will take place between 12-13 April 2018 at the International Institute for the Sociology of Law in Oñati, the Basque Country, Spain.
For some time now the European societies have been marked by extreme movements from all ideological poles who directly assault the values of democracy and the rule of law. Liberal democracies are therefore faced with challenges of how to respond to the rise of radical movements from different parts of the philosophical poles. Are European states justified to prohibit the exercise of freedom of assembly and of association, expression and religion, all with the aim of protecting the democratic and liberal order, or would be such measures disproportionate and excessive? Some argue that measures of militant democracy, as they have been known, themselves undermine the rule of law and democracy as they directly interfere with the values of pluralism, human dignity, freedom and equality. On the other hand, others argue that it is indispensable to counter the populist movements with constitutional individual actions arising from civilizational heritage of European liberal democracies. The concept of rule of law includes how a society proceeds and functions on the basis and through law. Genuine respect for rule of law is one of the key prerequisites for the functioning of a free and democratic society, as it enables and secures the exchange of different opinions, attitudes and views. Its normative protections are reflected in the provision on civil-political and socio-economic rights. The European Convention on the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms only specifically refers to the rule of law in the preamble, where it notes that ‘as the governments of European countries which are like-minded and have a common heritage of political traditions, ideals, freedom and the rule of law, to take the first steps for the collective enforcement of certain of the rights stated in the Universal Declaration’.
The topic first of all addresses hard conceptual issues. The central concepts of the workshop: the rule of law, populism and militant democracy tend to figure as essentially contested concepts. To avoid speaking past each other the workshop will strive toward an incompletely theorized agreement about the shared meaning of these concept. Having passed this theoretical conceptual threshold, the concepts will applied and studied in several case-studies in national and supranational contexts. So far the questions of the rule of law, illiberal movements etc. have been addressed predominantly, if not exclusively, within the context of the nation state, either unitary or federal. The EU is neither. As a specific constitutional structure of a post-statist union it posses specific epistemic, explanatory and normative challenges of addressing and responding to the conflicts between the rule of law, populism and militant democracy.
The specific challenges, different as has typically been the case, should be addressed just through the judicial lens, but also through the lens of a legislative branch, administrative authorities, and least but not last, the civil society. The prevailing formalist approach to the rule of law should be complemented by the sociological approach that has interestingly been lacking in the legal writings about the rule of law and democracy.
Against this background, the proposed workshop will first dissect the current state of the rule of law, populism and militant democracy in Europe and, second, demonstrate how the liberally democratic states, based on the rule of law, should respond to the contemporary threats to themselves without denying their own very values.