The 2015 EU Justice Scoreboard

The European Commission has recently published the 2015 EU Justice Scoreboard. The Scoreboard provides information on quality, independence and efficiency of judiciaries in all EU Member States. The Commission notes in conclusion that :

The 2015 EU Justice Scoreboard reflects the efforts undertaken by Member States to render their national justice systems more effective. It shows certain improvements but at the same time reveals that reaping the benefit of justice reforms takes time. Commitment and determination are therefore indispensable to achieve more effective justice.

A short factsheet is available here.

Fundamental Rights and Migration to the EU – From Rhetoric to Action ?

20141110_143731The Annual Fundamental Rights Conference of the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights took place last week in Rome. This year’s conference focused on Fundamental Rights and Migration to the EU. The Annual Conference has again opened and highlighted problems of the ineffective national frameworks for the protections of rights of migrants to the EU. Laura Boldrini, President of the Italian Chamber of Deputies, for instance, noted that »politics has immense responsibility« and argued for »stronger European instruments« to prevent deaths in the Mediterranean. Smaller Eastern and Southern European states are faced with immense burden due to high influx of migrants, whereas the current EU of framework for refugee protections is almost non-existent or to say at least non-efficient. However, it is feared that words will be left again without accompanying actions. Lot of urges and calls have been heard. However, not much is expected to change as politicians, particularly from the Northern European States, have to fulfill wishes of their electorate. The FRA Director, Morten Kjaerum, therefore, observed that »no other topic more important in human rights protection in EU«. He argued that »we cannot ask small states and regions to take large burden« and that »common reception centers and more effective system of relocation could be established across EU”. A move from rhetoric to action is desperately required to prevent further deaths in the Mediterranean.

Vacancy notice for new FRA Director

The vacancy notice for the position of new Director of the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights was published on Friday in the Official Journal of the European Union. Strangely enough, the notice only asks for 5 years of experience (out of 15 years of the required professional experience) in the field of fundamental/human rights.

Hearing of Frans Timmermans

The Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs Committee of the European Parliament has earlier this week conducted the hearing of Frans Timmermans, current Dutch Minister of Foreign Affairs, and First Vice-President designate of the European Commission in charge of Better Regulation, Inter-Institutional Relations, the Rule of Law and the Charter of Fundamental Rights. Here is his opening statement at the hearing :

The full video of his hearing is available here and its summary here. It seems that the candidate impressed MEP, however it remains to be seen if Juncker Commission will be approved in the end.

Motoc and Zobec discussing systemic problems of judiciary from a judge’s perspective

e8dcebfd55c9d5d7bbfc0a0f8263a6f3_MJudge Iulia Motoc of the European Court of Human Rights and Jan Zobec of the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Slovenia discussing systemic problems of judiciary from a judge’s perspective at the Conference on Crisis of Rule of Law and Democracy in Europe. Photo courtesy of demokracija.si.

Programme of the conference “Crisis of Rule of Law and Democracy in Europe”

We have previously posted about conference on “Crisis of Rule of Law and Democracy in Europe” to take place this Thursday and Friday at Brdo pri Kranju, Slovenia. Here is now its full programme :

Day 1: Thursday, Sept 25, 2014
17:00 – 19:00
Welcome Address
Matej Avbelj
Damir Črnčec
Keynote Address
by Kimmo Nuotio: “Setting the Scene – the Patria Case: Criminal Justice in the Political
System”
Discussant: Matej Avbelj
19:30 Dinner for the participants
Day 2: Friday, Sept 26
Crises of the Rule of Law and Democracy in a Comparative Perspective: Vestiges of the
Past, Vices of the Present, Prospects for the Future
Panel 1: Fighting the Vestiges of the Past in the Present
9:00 – 11:00
Anna-Bettina Kaiser (Germany)
Daniel Smilov (Bulgaria)
Uladzislau Belavusau (Belarus)
Discussant: Vojko Strahovnik
11:00 Coffee Break
Panel 2: Challenges of the Present for the Future
11:15 – 13:15
Paul Blokker (Italy)
Eszter Bodnar (Hungary)
Goran Selanec (Croatia)

Discussant: Katarina Vatovec

Lunch Break 13:30 – 14:30
Panel 3: Specificities of the Slovenian Situation
14:30 – 16:30
Jernej Letnar Černič
Damjan Možina
Marko Novak
Discussant: Miha Movrin
16:30 Coffee Break
17:00 – 19:00
Round-table Discussion: Systemic Problems of Judiciary from a Judge’s Perspective
Iulia Motoc (Judge, European Court of Human Rights)
Marko Šorli (Judge, Supreme Court of Slovenia)
Jan Zobec (Judge, Constitutional Court of Republic of Slovenia)
Chair: Matej Avbelj

FRA Annual Report 2013 calls for an EU strategic framework on fundamental rights

The European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights has recently published its 2013 Annual report. This year’s report is much shorter than previous annual reports reflecting the useful comments the Agency received from its Scientific Committee and the Management Board. Particularly interesting are focus section on strengthening fundamental rights protection within the EU and section on the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights before national courts and non-judicial human rights bodies. What is more, the Report argues for “an EU strategic framework on fundamental rights” as “renewed commitment to fundamental rights could be instrumental in ensuring that the EU and its Member States conform to their obligation to “respect the rights [as laid down in the Charter of Fundamental Rights], observe the principles and promote the application thereof” (p. 10, footnote omitted). What is more, “providing a new internal EU strategic frame‑work would be beneficial to promote “the well‑being of its peoples”, including social progress and social inclusion, “social justice and protection, equality between women and men, solidarity between generations and protection of the rights of the child”” (Ibid.). The report and such call are undoubtedly refreshing, however it is yet to be seen if the Member States will heed such calls. Here is the summary of entire reports’s findings :

The EU and its Member States took a variety of important steps in 2013 to protect and promote fundamental rights by assuming new international commitments, revamping legislation and pursuing innovative policies on the ground. Yet, fundamental rights violations seized the spotlight with distressing frequency: would-be migrants drowned off the EU’s coast, unprecedented mass surveillance, racist and extremist-motivated murders, child poverty and Roma deprivation.

In response, the EU completed a series of important legal reforms, particularly in asylum, while Member States worked to transpose the EU Victims’ Directive into national law and pursued their national Roma integration strategies. Still, new laws on the books do not necessarily transform the situation on the ground. Crisis-driven austerity measures raised some fundamental rights concerns. A persisting gap between law and practice troubled a broad spectrum of human rights observers, particularly in asylum policy, Roma integration and child and victims’ rights.

This year’s report also features two new chapters, one on Roma integration following the drawing up of the national Roma integration strategies and a second looking at the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights and especially its use before national courts as it approaches its fifth anniversary as a binding document.